The Centre recently decided to allow four categories of ambulances including this one to ensure that ambulances are equipped with necessary gadgets and trained manpower to take care of patients during transit to hospitals. The National Ambulance Code recommended by Central Motor Vehicles Rules-Technical Standing Committee ( CMVR-TSC) specifies that the ambulance would be in "brilliant white" and would be built in a manner that it doesn't disintegrate even if it turns turtle. Besides, ceiling, interior sidewalls and doors of patient's compartment will be non-permeable and resistant to disinfectant. Moreover, patient cabin will be complete with a digital display panel to show status of oxygen supply.
The four types of ambulances (A, B, C & D) are - first responder, patient transport, basic life support and advanced life support. Implementation of this code will ensure uniformity. So far there was no guideline for hospitals and agencies for floating tenders and for industry outlining required specifications.
So now transport vehicles are often converted into ambulances with virtually non-existent emergency care facilities for patients. Majority of ambulances have no proper storage facility, non-ambulatory ventilator support system and other necessary features.
Patient transport vehicle will be designed to transport stable patients for non-emergency transfers like scheduled visits for treatment, routine physical examinations, x-rays etc. Basic life support ambulance will be designed and equipped with staff for transportation and treatment of patients requiring non-invasive airway management/basic monitoring. Advanced life support ambulances will be designed and equipped for transport and treatment of emergency patients requiring invasive airway management and intensive monitoring.